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Layout Table~~~~11994~11994~~
Military History~Southern Rhodesia~~~11994~11995~Military History (Southern Rhodesia)%3CBR%3E%3CBR%3EBooks covering Southern Rhodesia Regiments~
The 2nd Rhodesia Regiment in East Africa - Lieut-Col A. E. Capell, DSO~A 2008 facsimile reprint of the original first book published in 1923.
A good detailed account of this Regiment's work in East Africa in WWI. A white unit, raised specifically for service in that campaign and drawing its recruits from the pre-war Southern Rhodesia Volunteers and the settler community at large. It saw a considerable amount of action during its short existence. It also, in common with other white units, suffered heavy losses from disease and the general wear and tear of bush warfare. It was disbanded in 1917. The nominal roll in this book is particularly helpful to medal collectors and genealogists. It shows details of attestation dates, highest ranks held, whether killed or wounded, and any awards made.
ISBN13 9781845743291. Softback 132 pages, 5 maps.~~The 2nd Rhodesia Regiment|ISBN13 9781845743291|~11994~11997~Rhodesia Regiment~
Burnham: King of Scouts - Peter van Wyk~Frederick Russell Burnham (1861-1947), an American from California, taught scouting to Robert Baden-Powell, inspiring B-P to eventually found the Boy Scouts. Burnham went to Africa in 1893 to scout for Cecil Rhodes on the Cape-to-Cairo Railway. He was a scout in the Matabele War when that engine of death - the Maxim gun - was introduced. Burnham gained fame when he survived the British equivalent of Custer's Last Stand. During a rebellion three years later, he shot the oracle believed to be the instigator. That act expanded his fame. During this conflict, Burnham took a British Army officer, Colonel Baden-Powell, into the African hills and taught him scouting. Baden-Powell's very life was changed, and forever after that he promoted scouting at every opportunity. Burnham found gold in the Klondike, but he was called back to Africa to serve as chief of scouts for Field Marshal Lord Roberts in the Boer War. In Johannesburg, he was reunited with Baden-Powell, who had become famous for his defense of Mafeking. Burnham and Baden-Powell began forty years of spirited correspondence in which Burnham provided the ideas and Baden-Powell - in his own words - "sucked" Burnham's brains. ......
Trafford Publishing Jul 2006. ISBN-13: 978-1412009010. Paperback: 582 pages~Trafford Publishing Jul 2006
ISBN-10: 1412009014
ISBN-13: 978-1412009010
Paperback: 582 pages




About the book
Frederick Russell Burnham (1861-1947), an American from California, taught scouting to Robert Baden-Powell, inspiring B-P to eventually found the Boy Scouts. Burnham went to Africa in 1893 to scout for Cecil Rhodes on the Cape-to-Cairo Railway. He was a scout in the Matabele War when that engine of death - the Maxim gun - was introduced. Burnham gained fame when he survived the British equivalent of Custer's Last Stand.

During a rebellion three years later, he shot the oracle believed to be the instigator. That act expanded his fame. During this conflict, Burnham took a British Army officer, Colonel Baden-Powell, into the African hills and taught him scouting. Baden-Powell's very life was changed, and forever after that he promoted scouting at every opportunity.

Burnham found gold in the Klondike, but he was called back to Africa to serve as chief of scouts for Field Marshal Lord Roberts in the Boer War. In Johannesburg, he was reunited with Baden-Powell, who had become famous for his defense of Mafeking. Burnham and Baden-Powell began forty years of spirited correspondence in which Burnham provided the ideas and Baden-Powell - in his own words - "sucked" Burnham's brains.

Evacuated to London for a war injury, Burnham was acclaimed as King of Scouts. Queen Victoria invited he and his wife to dine with her at her beloved Osborn House. Burnham went on to explore what is now Ghana and to introduce agriculture to Kenya. Later he joined John Hays Hammond to develop agriculture in the Yaqui River Delta of Sonora.

When the Wright Brothers' invention became a viable tool of war, Burnham abandoned horse scouting. He became an oil scout and his zeal led him to discover oil at Dominguez Mesa south of Los Angeles.

Long an associate of Teddy Roosevelt, Burnham took up the environmental cause with great zeal. The closing chapters describe his activities on behalf of the Save the Redwoods League, the California State Parks Commission, and a campaign to set aside two million acres for the protection of the Bighorn Sheep of Arizona.

This true story is told as a biographical novel.


About the Author
About the AuthorThe author is a fitting choice to write about Fred Burnham, the American who inspired the Boy Scouts. In 1965, he met Burnham's son, Roderick, who had accompanied his father to Africa in 1893. Rod spent a decade providing the author with recollections, books, diaries, journals and newspaper and magazine articles.

But the great prize, forty years of private correspondence between Burnham and Baden-Powell, was not unsealed from the archives at Yale University until AD 2000.

The author has been a foreign correspondent in the Far East and has written for Readers Digest and other magazines. While on assignment for U.S. News & World Report in Africa, he retraced Major Burnham's exciting adventures with Colonel Robert Baden-Powell.

Excerpts
"We go into the night as fighters go; we are hard as cats to kill, our hearts are reckless still, for we've danced with death a dozen times." -H.O. Egbert, Chuckawalla Prospector

"To my friendly enemy, the greatest scout in the world. Once craved the honour of killing you, but failing that I extend my heartiest admiration." -Fritz Duquesne, Africa Scout

"While he talks, there is not a thing that misses his quick-roving eye, whether it is on the horizon or at his feet." -Robert Baden-Powell, Chief Scout

"We who knew his loveable and gentle nature would hardly judge him as a man capable of almost unbelievable bravery." -Frederick W. Hodge, director, Southwest Museum

"He has trained himself to endure appalling fatigues, hunger, thirst and wounds, has learned to force every nerve in his body to absolute obedience." -Richard Harding Davis, Real Soldiers of Fortune

"If you know Burnham, you know he is one of the greatest soldiers of fortune the world has ever produced." -Earl A. Brininstool, California author

"Like Allan Quatermain, he is an extremely polished and thoughtful person. In real life, Burnham is more interesting than any of my heroes of romance." -Sir Rider Haggard, King Solomon's Mines


Chapter 21 Burnham Meets Rhodes
The men of Captain Heaney's relief column gave up their horses to the survivors. Everyone trekked south on the Old Hunters Trail, coming in four hours' time to a camp of many wagons and large fires. Cecil Rhodes and Doctor Jameson presided over a feast of roast mutton, baked potatoes, biscuits and vegetables. As the men ate, there was acrimonious conjecture on the fate of Major Allan Wilson and his thirty-three men.

Major Forbes insisted some had survived, suggesting they were on the Old Hunters Trail en route to Salisbury. Not a man in camp believed him. Many spoke ominously of Wilson's Last Stand.

At 2 o'clock, they inspanned and trekked until sunset brought them to Inyati, where another banquet awaited. Fresh clothing was issued and the men rested for two days while messengers galloped ahead with the news of the patrol's survival. By easy stages they rode to Bulawayo where Digby Willoughby presided over the taking of photos of the survivors. An official campaign ribbon was authorized.

In Bulawayo, Colonel Hamilton Goold-Adams, the senior Imperial officer, held a court of enquiry. It lasted five days, during which the survivors of the Shangani Patrol were questioned about the fate of Major Allan Wilson and the conduct of Major Patrick Forbes. The hearing was concluded on Christmas Day.

The findings were classified and forwarded to Sir Henry Loch, the British high commissioner in Cape Town. The Combined Column was disbanded - eighty-one days after signing on at Forts Victoria and Salisbury. Colonel Goold-Adams and his Imperial Column remained in Bulawayo to occupy the town.

Captain Bill Napier, the second in command to Major Wilson, inherited the duty of mustering out the officers and men of the Victoria Column. He gave each of the men certificates entitling each to six thousand acres of land, twenty mineral claims and a share of King Lobengula's cattle. Similar documents were forwarded to the survivors of deceased campaigners. The certificates were instantly accepted as mediums of exchange - as good as gold. There was a brisk trade in farm rights and minerals claims. Burnham exchanged his double share of farm stands for hundreds of mineral claims. That night Captain Lendy invited Fred Burnham to dine with him in his tent on roast beef and vegetables.

"I wanted to thank you personally for those ears you gave me back on the veld," Lendy said.

"If it wasn't for your Maxim guns," Burnham said, "neither of us would be here tonight."

"I told you they were the Devil's own paint brush."

"True, at the Battle of the Shanganii, I was impressed with the Maxims," Fred said. "But later at the Battle of the Bembesi, it was those Hotchkiss guns that saved us. For awhile, I became skeptical of the Maxims."

"What made you change your mind?"

"Those Hotchkiss cannons were too heavy to lug along on the Shangani Patrol," Fred said. "But we were able to strip down the Maxims and use them in tough fighting. It was the Maxims that saved our lives. I now join with you in believing the Maxim machine gun will change the essence of warfare."

"That's the message I intend to carry to London."

_________

ON WEDNESDAY, December 27, every able-bodied man from Salisbury and Fort Victoria rode out of Bulawayo. Most went to get their women, children and possessions and bring them back to Bulawayo to stake out farms and mineral claims in Matabele Land. Johann Colenbrander, who had been placed in charge of prisoners during the Shangani Retreat, became Chief Native Commissioner. His new position held more police power and judicial authority than any American Indian Agent. The CNC and his staff of Native Commissioners would serve as policeman, judge, jury and executioner for the blacks. Johann began disarming the Matabele warriors, who turned in their rifles and assegais - at least some of them. Colenbrander immediately won the sobriquet Collar and Brand 'em.

By separate routes, Fred Selous and Patrick Forbes left for London. Selous planned to write a book about Africa. Though he had spent two decades in the Dark Continent and earned renown as a white hunter, he had accumulated little more than his wagons, hunting rifles and a few tusks of ivory, which he had to sell to pay his passage back to England. Forbes was escorting his brother, Eustace, who was being sent to London to receive medical treatment for a war wound.

Toward evening that Wednesday, Commandant Piet Raaff collapsed with a sharp pain in his stomach. He was taken to the dispensary and placed under the care of Doctor Leander Starr Jameson, the administrator. Doctor Jim diagnosed Raaff's condition as inflammation of the bowels. Sometime during the night, Commandant Pieter Raaff, the Boer kaffir fighter with the big reputation and little girl feet, drew his last breath and died.

Three weeks later, Captain Charles Lendy arrived at Tati by the Shashi River and checked into Edwards Tati Hotel. That night, after scoffing down three pints of grog and grand-grousing a memorable repast, Maxim Lendy collapsed. He was carried to his hotel room where during the night he died. The medical examiner's diagnosis was bowel inflammation, which touched off rumors that both Raaff and Lendy had died at the hand of Doctor Jameson.

Major Patrick Forbes arrived in London in a state of complete disgrace. While crossing the Umzingwane River where it joined with the Limpopo, Pat Forbes allowed his wounded brother, Eustace, to drown in the rapids. His loss of reputation and prestige was total. The deaths of Allan Wilson, Pieter Raaff and Charley Lendy and the contempt accorded Patrick Forbes meant that the horrifying capabilities of the Maxim machine gun would remain unrecognized until the Battle of Omdurman in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. No foreign observer was in Matabele Land to witness the Devil's Paintbrush in action.

CAPE TOWN-DECEMBER 1893
HIGH COMMISSIONER Sir Henry Loch classified as Secret all documents relating to his peace offering to King Lobengula, including the part about Lo Ben's envoys being murdered at Tati. Then, caught up in the spirit of the victory, Sir Henry announced that six hundred white men had defeated ten thousand hostile savages at the Battle of the Shangani. He let out all stops in describing the Battle of the Bembesi as Britain's greatest struggle in native warfare since Rorke's Drift. Fred came to understand that recalling Rorke's Drift in the British Empire was akin to crying "Remember the Alamo"in the United States. Rorke's Drift was when a hundred thirty British soldiers held out in Natal against four thousand Zulus.

BULAWAYO-DECEMBER 1893
BEFORE LEAVING Bulawayo, Cecil Rhodes summoned Burnham to his presence for a private audience. It was Fred's first meeting with his hero and he privately warned himself to mind his Ps and Qs. The great man had come to Africa for his health, but from what Fred could see Britain's most powerful man acted like he was the king of the land.

"I'm pleased to meet a man of your rare courage and exceptional qualities,"

Rhodes said as they shook hands. A male servant served tea. Fred wished it was Arbuckles. Despite a ghastly falsetto voice, Rhodes was accustomed to having his commands instantly obeyed.

"This meeting is my honor," Burnham replied.

"I came half way around the world to serve you."

"Really now?"

"I came from California to serve your cause,"Fred said.

"Is that a fact?" Rhodes seemed to be all the more impressed because the guy talking to him was such a little fart. Yet his cobalt-blue eyes instantly took in every detail of the room.

"Doctor Jameson tells me if there were ten of you, the war would have been won in half the time."

"Like the devil at a baptizing," Burnham said, "we did a lot of rushing around. At other times, we were stuck in mud up to the buggy hubs."

Rhodes flinched. His life was so filled with intense action that he had little time for ordinary jocularity. Fred decided that give or take a pterodactyl or two, Rhodes was the first child of Adam's breed.

"Did you ever come across any Mormons while you were knocking about in America?" Rhodes asked. "I hear they are first-rank desert farmers."

Fred told of his experiences with Sirrine, the engineer who'd reclaimed the gradients of the Ho-Ho-Kams east of Phoenix. He repeated what Sirrine had described to him of the municipal layout of Salt Lake City.

Rhodes, his interest piqued, invited Fred into an inner sanctum where they talked for several hours. Rhodes' voice broke into a falsetto whenever he became excited.

Fred drew sketches to show how the Mormons built their cities on a pattern of rectangular city blocks with streets so wide a span of eighteen oxen could make a U-turn. At length, Rhodes said, "You've given me valuable ideas."

Fred rose to take his leave.

"May I ask you a personal question, Mr. Burnham?"

"Certainly." Fred replied.

"You're a many-sided fellow, a jolly mixture of the physical and the intellectual. Why is it that you choose to live out here on the borders of savagery?"

It was widely known that Rhodes spent his time in the splendor of his grand mansion, Groot Shure, on swelldoodle hill - the slope of Table Mountain in Cape Town.

"I thrive in the outdoors, Mr. Rhodes. Take London. The sidewalks are narrow. To walk is to battle your way to your destination. London is miles and miles of narrow, foggy streets and unadorned, plain, back-to-back houses. No desert is so dreary."

Rhodes quivered and his jowls shook like jelly.

"I shall never forget that description, Mr. Burnham," he said, once again scrutinizing Fred carefully. Then at length, he added.

"By the way, is there some way the British South Africa Company can repay you for the valuable services you've rendered to the Chartered Company?"

For fifteen seconds, Burnham seemed lost in thought.

"I appreciate the honor of your offer, but I fought to defend the lives of people, not to promote the interests of a commercial enterprise. I cannot accept any reward from the Chartered Company. If permitted, I might say that Matabele Land is as fine a place as it ever has been England's privilege to steal."

Rhodes' jowls shook and his face flushed. He arose, pursed his lips - his version of laughter - and reached across the desk to shake Fred's hand.

"I admire honesty," Rhodes said. "I'll disregard that remark."

Fred, still standing, tipped his hat and walked out.

For several minutes, Rhodes sat at his desk in silence. Then he turned to the open doorway.

"Doctor Jameson, please come in here. That Burnham chap, he's quite a remarkable fellow. To see him once is to know him always."

"That's I've been trying to tell you, Mr. Rhodes."

"But he's so American, so ruddy cowboy."

"Give us a year and we'll have him speaking the Queen's English."

Rhodes pulled a badly wrinkled envelope from his jacket pocket. He scribbled on the back of it and handed it to Jameson. "Maybe he won't accept a reward from the Chartered Company," Rhodes said enigmatically, "but from me? Well, see that this order is carried out."

Jameson studied the note and an expression of pure delight spread over his face. "Yes, Mr. Rhodes. It will be my greatest pleasure."

The next day, Cecil Rhodes left Bulawayo for Cape Town and London. He was accustomed to being the richest man in the world, the man who controlled ninety percent of the world's diamond market. Now he owned a country that was bigger than England or Germany, almost as big as France. Already people were calling it Rhodesia. For Cecil Rhodes, this was his finest hour. ......~Burnham%3A King of Scouts|ISBN-13 9781412009010|~11994~11381~Burnham%3A King of Scouts~
Marching on Tanga: With General Smuts in East Africa - Francis Brett Young~A 2005 facsimile reprint of the original first book published in 1919.
A vivid and dark description of the East African campaign in WWI from the experienced Medical Officer Brett Young. In 'War Books', Cyril Falls gave this book '3 Stars' - a book of superlative merit. He reports ..."One of the comparatively rare classics of the War. The author was medical officer with the 2nd Rhodesian Regiment (1st Division) during General Smuts's advance from Tanga to Taveta. He is master of strong and simple prose, he had an intelligent comprehension of the military operations......gives an extraordinarily vivid picture of the conditions of the campaign."
ISBN13 9781845742140. Softback 264 pages with numerous contemporary photos
~~Marching on Tanga|ISBN 9781845742140|~11994~11996~Rhodesia Regiment~
No Insignificant Part : The Rhodesia Native Regiment & the East African Campaign of the First World War - Timothy J Stapleton~This is the first history of the only primarily African military unit from Zimbabwe to fight in the First World War. Recruited from the migrant labour network, most African soldiers in the Rhodesia Native Regiment were originally miners or farm workers from what are now Zimbabwe, Zambia, Mozambique, and Malawi. Like others across the world, they joined the army for a variety of reasons, chief among them a desire to escape low pay and horrible working conditions. The RNR participated in some of the key engagements of the German East Africa campaign's later phase, subsisting on extremely meagre rations and suffering from tropical diseases and exhaustion. Because they were commanded by a small group of European officers, most of whom were seconded from the Native Affairs Department and the British South Africa Police, the regiment was dominated by racism. It was not unusual for black soldiers, but never white ones, to be publicly flogged for alleged theft or insubordination. Although it remained in the field longer than all-white units and some of its members received some of Britain's highest decorations, the Rhodesia Native Regiment was quickly disbanded after the war and conveniently forgotten by the colonial establishment. Southern Rhodesias white settler minority, partly on the strength of its wartime sacrifice, was given political control of the territory through a racially exclusive form of self-government, but black RNR veterans received little support or recognition. The book takes a new look at an old campaign and will appeal to scholars of African or military history interested in the First World War.
ISBN 9780889204980. Apr 2006. Hardback 188 pages, 12 B/W photos.~~No Insignificant Part|8976|~11994~11735~~
Plumer's Men: The Rhodesia Regiment and the Northwest Frontier during the Second South African War 1899-1900 - Robert Burrett~During the early phases of the Anglo-South African War, 1899-1900, members of the Rhodesia Regiment under the Command of Lt-Colonel H.C.O. Plumer, saw action in Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) and along the eastern border of the Bechuanaland Protectorate (Botswana). They were instrumental in holding back substantial numbers of Boer forces which otherwise might have fought n the Natal and Cape Fronts. They were also in on the “Relief of Mafeking”. This book investigates the Rhodesia Regiment and seeks to correct some previous errors. A central theme is the current relocation of their otherwise forgotten battles and graves at Fort Tuli, Rhodes’ Drift, Mochudi, Gaborone, Lobatse and Ramathlabama. There is also mention of the role of the Rhodesian Field Force (consisting of Australian and New Zealand “Bushmen”, as well as members of the Imperial Yeomanry) as well as the often forgotten African participants; Kgosi Khama’s BaMangwato and Kgosi Linchwe’s BaKgatla.
ISBN: 978-1-9201-6955-8. JDPublishing 2007. 292 pages.~~Plumer%27s Men|ISBN 9781920169558|Plumer%27s Men|X ISBN 9781920169558|~11994~11461~Plumer,Anglo-South African War, Relief of Mafeking, Rhodesian Field Force.~
Rhodesia and After: Being the Story of the 17th and 18th Battalions of I.Y. - Sharrad H. Gilbert~A 2004 facsimile reprint of the original first book published in 1901.
Action-packed memoir of a soldier in the Imperial Yeomanry who fought in Rhodesia and in South Africa during the Boer War. 50 photographs and three maps accompany this attractive account of guerilla warfare in Africa.The 17th and 18th Battalions IY were formed from the 50th Company, a Hampshire contingent; the 60th and 61st, both raised in Belfast and known as the Irish Yeomanry; the 65th, a Leicestershire contingent, and the 67th, 70th, 71st and 75th, all of which were raised and equipped by the Earl of Dunraven and known collectively as Dunraven’s Sharpshooters.
ISBN 9781845741013, 2004. Softback 348 pages with numerous contemporary photos & a maps.~~Rhodesia and After|ISBN 9781845741013|~11994~12224~~
The Jameson Raid - Hugh Marshall Hole~A 2001 facsimile reprint of the original first book published in 1930.
The author of this book joined the British South Africa Company immediately after it was formed in 1889, and from 1891 to 1893 was private secretary to Dr Jameson, in Rhodesia. He was, thus, brought into close contact with some of those who were to play a prominent part in the subject of this book. In his introduction he makes the point that any attempt to judge the behaviour of those who took part in the Jameson Raid must be unprofitable without an understanding of their psychology, what motivated them. The principal actors in this drama, he says, were not ordinary men; not a few of them were personal friends. I Dr. Leander Starr Jameson (1853-1917), a medical man (MRCS, MD), came to South Africa from Britain in 1878 after a breakdown in health. He took up practice in Kimberley where he first came into contact with Cecil Rhodes. He joined the BSA Company and when Rhodes opened up Mashonaland (today’s Zimbabwe). Jameson gave up his practice and joined the pioneering expedition to the new territory. In 1891 he became administrator of Rhodesia, and on 31st December 1895, with a force of 600 men, led a raid into the Transvaal Boer republic from Mafeking in support of a planned rising in Johannesburg, by anti-Boer ‘Uitlanders’ - mainly of English extraction, organised or at least connived at by Rhodes. The rising fialed to occur and without it the raid was doomed from the outset. Only a week later Jameson’s force was compelled to surrender at Doornkop. Jameson and his officers were handed over to the British by the Boer President Kruger. Jameson got 15 months’ jail of which he served a year before being released on grounds of ill-health; he returned to Rhodesia. Despite this inauspicious start, his political career was just beginning. ‘Dr Jim’ eventually became prime minister of Cape Colony in Rhodes’ footsteps and was a leading figure in the creation of the Union Of South Africa in 1909. He was made a KCMG and a baronet in 1911. An ill wind certinly blew him some good!
NMP. ISBN 9781843420583, 2001. Softback 306 pages, illustrations and maps.~~The Jameson Raid|ISBN 9781843420583|~11994~12225~~
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